Image
image
image
image


Citation Rule and Appendix

23-112. Citations for pleadings and other papers.

A.   Applicability; citation rule appendix. This rule governs the form of citations included in pleadings and papers filed in the courts of this state. Additional citation guidelines and examples of correct forms of citation are included in an appendix immediately following this rule and are posted on the Supreme Court’s website at nmsupremecourt.nmcourts.gov.

B.   Citation to New Mexico appellate opinions.

(1)   Official citation. All precedential opinions issued by the Supreme Court of New Mexico and the New Mexico Court of Appeals shall be assigned an official citation by the Clerk of the Supreme Court that includes the year the opinion was released, the initials of the Court that issued the opinion, and a three-digit number assigned sequentially as opinions are released for publication each calendar year.

(2)   Official citation required; use of parallel citation. Use of the official citation form is required for citations to all opinions of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals. When a pinpoint citation is used, it shall consist of a paragraph symbol and a paragraph number placed after the official citation. Parallel citation to the New Mexico Reports is mandatory, and citation to the Pacific Reporter is discretionary. Do not cite the unofficial hardbound volumes of the New Mexico Appellate Reports.

(3)   Exception for papers and pleadings filed by a self-represented litigant. A self-represented litigant may cite an opinion of the Supreme Court or the Court of Appeals using either the official citation, a citation to the New Mexico Reports, or a citation to the Pacific Reporter. The self-represented litigant’s use of any parallel citation is discretionary.

C.   Citation to New Mexico statutes. Citations to the New Mexico statutes shall be to the chapter, article and section of the official 1978 compilation of the New Mexico Statutes Annotated (NMSA 1978), , followed by parentheses containing the year of the statute’s enactment or the most recent amendment applicable to the pending case. The official compilation of the NMSA 1978 is published by the New Mexico Compilation Commission, the official legal publisher for the State of New Mexico.

D.   Citation to New Mexico court rules, uniform jury instructions, and forms. Citations to the rules, uniform jury instructions, and forms promulgated or approved by the Supreme Court shall be to the set and rule number of the New Mexico Rules Annotated (NMRA), which is the official compilation of New Mexico state court rules published by the New Mexico Compilation Commission.

E.   Citation to the New Mexico Administrative Code. Citations to the rules or regulations of a state agency shall be to the title, chapter, part, and section of the New Mexico Administrative Code (NMAC).

F.   Bluebook citations. Except as provided in this rule and its appendix, all pleadings and other papers filed in all courts in this state shall follow the form of citations set forth in the current edition of The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation

[Approved, effective June 4, 2004; as amended by Supreme Court Order 05-8300-16, effective August 15, 2005; by Supreme Court Order 07-8300-11, effective May 10, 2007; by Supreme Court Order 08-8300-023, effective August 20, 2008; as amended by Supreme Court Order 13-8300-013, effective July 1, 2013, for papers to be filed on or after August 1, 2013.]

Committee commentary. — Self-represented litigants must follow the same rules of procedure that apply to other litigants. See Newsome v. Farer, 103 N.M. 415, 419, 708 P.2d 327, 331 (1985) (“Although pro se pleadings are viewed with tolerance, a pro se litigant, having chosen to represent himself, is held to the same standard of conduct and compliance with court rules, procedures, and orders as are members of the bar.” (internal citation omitted)). However, Subparagraph (B)(3) provides a limited exception for self-represented litigants in recognition of the fact that they often lack access to electronic databases and other legal research materials.

[Commentary Adopted by Supreme Court Order 13-8300-013, effective July 1, 2013, for papers to be filed on or after August 1, 2013.]



Appendix to Rule 23-112 NMRA

TECHNICAL AND CITATION INFORMATION

Please note that the New Mexico appellate courts will use the most recent edition of the Bluebook.

Table of Contents

 

I.         New Mexico Constitution...............................................................................     1

II.        New Mexico Cases........................................................................................     1

            A.        Official citation...................................................................................     1

            B.        Self-represented litigants..................................................................     2

            C.        Formal, precedential opinion that has not yet been assigned a

                        citation.............................................................................................     3

            D.        Non-precedential (unpublished) cases.............................................     4

III.       New Mexico Statutes...................................................................................     4

IV.      Prior Compilations of New Mexico Statutes....................................................     6

V.        New Mexico Session Laws............................................................................      6

VI.      New Mexico Judicial Rules, Uniform Jury Instructions, and Forms..................      7

            A.        Rules................................................................................................      7

            B.        Uniform Jury Instructions.................................................................       7

            C.        Forms...............................................................................................      7

VII.     New Mexico Attorney General Opinions........................................................      8

VIII.    New Mexico Administrative Code..................................................................      8

IX.      New Mexico Municipal Ordinances.................................................................      8

X.        Citation to the Record and Pleadings...........................................................      8

XI.      United States Constitution............................................................................      9

XII.     United States Supreme Court Opinions........................................................      9

XIII.    Federal Opinions..........................................................................................      9

XIV.   United States Code and Federal Regulations.................................................    10

            A.        United States Code..........................................................................    10

            B.        Code of Federal Regulations............................................................    10

            C.        Federal Register..............................................................................     11

XV.     Out-of-State Constitutions...........................................................................     11

XVI.   Out-of-State Cases.......................................................................................     11

XVII.  Out-of-State Statutes...................................................................................     12

XVIII. Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources......................................     12

            A.        Law Reviews...................................................................................     12

            B.        Treatises.........................................................................................     13

            C.        Restatements.................................................................................     13

            D.        Legal Encyclopedias.......................................................................     13

            E.        American Law Reports (A.L.R )........................................................     14

            F.        Internet Citations............................................................................     14

 

I.         New Mexico Constitution. [Bluebook Rule 11]

            A.        Textual sentence: 

Accordingly, there was no violation of Article VI, Section 7 of the New Mexico Constitution.

            B.        Citation sentence:

N.M. Const. art. VI, § 7.

II.       New Mexico Cases. [See generally Bluebook Rule 10]

            A.        Official citation. A standard official citation (also known in other states as vendor-neutral or public domain citation) is assigned by the Clerk of the Supreme Court to each precedential opinion. In 2013 the Supreme Court assigned official citations and paragraph numbers to all New Mexico cases from Volume 1 of the New Mexico Reports forward. Citation to New Mexico caselaw shall be to the official citation. Parallel citation to the New Mexico Reports through Volume 150, the final published volume, is mandatory. Parallel citation to the Pacific Reporter is discretionary. Citation to the unofficial hardbound volumes of the New Mexico Appellate Reports shall not be used under any circumstances. Pinpoint citations shall reference the appropriate paragraph number(s), rather than page number(s). Use page numbers for pinpoint citations ONLY if the official citation and/or paragraph numbers are not available.

                        (1)       First occurrence:

Bianco v. Horror One Prods., 2009-NMSC-006, ¶ 10, 145 N.M. 551.

                                    or

State v. Dickert, 2012-NMCA-004, ¶ 28. [published after Volume 150 of the New Mexico Reports]

                                    or

For example, in Bianco v. Horror One Productions, we held that a statute, which provides that a district court retains control over a final judgment for thirty days and for such further time as may be necessary to enable the court to dispose of post-judgment motions, applies to workers’ compensation cases. 2009-NMSC-006, ¶ 10, 145 N.M. 551.

                        (2)       With parallel citation to the Pacific Reporter:

Bianco v. Horror One Prods., 2009-NMSC-006, ¶ 10, 145 N.M. 551, 202 P.3d 810.

                                    or

State v. Dickert, 2012-NMCA-004, ¶ 28, 268 P.3d 515. [published after Volume 150 of the New Mexico Reports]

                        (3)       Subsequent occurrences:

Bianco, 2009-NMSC-006, ¶ 10.

                                    or

Dickert, 2012-NMCA-004, ¶ 28.

                                    or

                                    Id. ¶ 28.

                                    NOT Id. at ¶ 28.

(4)       With footnote:

Bianco v. Horror One Prods., 2009-NMSC-006, ¶ 5 n.1, 145 N.M. 551.

                                    or

Bianco v. Horror One Prods., 2009-NMSC-006, ¶ 5 n.1, 145 N.M. 551, 202 P.3d 810.

                                    or

. . . as the Court described so eloquently in Bianco. 2009-NMSC-006, ¶ 5 n.1.

                                    or

Bianco, 2009-NMSC-006, ¶ 5 n.1.

                                    or

                                    Id. ¶ 5 n.1.

            B.        Self-represented litigants. A self-represented litigant may cite New Mexico cases using either the official citation, a citation to the New Mexico Reports, or a citation to the Pacific Reporter. Use of any parallel citations is discretionary. Use page numbers for pinpoint citations if paragraph numbers are not available.

                        (1)       First occurrence:

                                    (a)       Official citation only:

State v. Jones, 1995-NMCA-073, ¶ 18.

                                    (b)       New Mexico Reports only:

                                                State v. Jones, 120 N.M. 185, 190 (Ct. App. 1995).

                                    (c)       Pacific Reporter only:

State v. Jones, 899 P.2d 1139, 1144 (Ct. App. 1995).

(d)       New Mexico Reports and Pacific Reporter only:

State v. Jones, 120 N.M. 185, 190, 899 P.2d 1139, 1144 (Ct. App. 1995).

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

                                    (a)       Official citation only:

                                                Jones, 1995-NMCA-073, ¶ 18.

                                                or

                                                Id. ¶ 18.

                                    (b)       New Mexico Reports only:

                                                Jones, 120 N.M. at 190.

                                                or

                                                Id. at 190.

                                    (c)       Pacific Reporter only:

                                                Jones, 899 P.2d at 1144.

                                                or

                                                Id. at 1144.

                                    (d)       New Mexico Reports & Pacific Reporter only:

Jones, 120 N.M. at 190, 899 P.2d at 1144.

or

Id. at 190, 899 P.2d at 1144.

            C.        Formal, precedential opinion that has not yet been assigned a citation. To cite a formal, precedential opinion that has not yet received any or all of its official or Pacific Reporter citations, use one of the following forms.

                        (1)       First occurrence:

State v. Largo, 2012-NMSC-___, ¶ 17 (No. 32,055, May 21, 2012).

                                    or

State v. Largo, 2012-NMSC-___, ¶ 17, ___ P.3d ___ (No. 32,055, May 21, 2012).

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

Largo, 2012-NMSC-___, ¶ 17.

                                    or

                                    Id. ¶ 17.

                        (3)       Certiorari granted in the opinion under consideration:

State v. Huettl, 2013-NMCA-038, ¶ 17, cert. granted, 2013-NMCERT-___ (No. 34,009, Mar. 1, 2013).

                                    or

State v. Huettl, 2013-NMCA-038, ¶ 17, ___ P.3d ___, cert. granted, 2013-NMCERT-___, ___ P.3d ___ (No. 34,009, Mar. 1, 2013).

                                    or

State v. Huettl, 2013-NMCERT-003.

                                    or

                                    State v. Huettl, 2013-NMCERT-003, ___ P.3d ___.

            D.        Non-precedential (unpublished) cases. To cite a non-precedential decision of the Supreme Court or a non-precedential memorandum opinion of the Court of Appeals, use the following forms and indicate in a parenthetical that the disposition is non-precedential in accordance with Rule 12-405(D) NMRA.

                        (1)       First occurrence:

State v. Macias, No. 33,065, dec. at 3 (N.M. Sup. Ct. Mar. 11, 2013) (non-precedential).

                                    or

Mannick v. Wakeland, No. 21,989, mem. op. at 8-9 (N.M. Ct. App. Jan. 4, 2002) (non-precedential).

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

Macias, No. 33,065, dec. at 3.

or

Mannick, No. 21,989, mem. op. at 8-9.

III.      New Mexico Statutes. [See generally Bluebook Rule 12]

Cite New Mexico statutes using the chapter, article, and section of the official 1978 compilation of the New Mexico Statutes Annotated (NMSA 1978). Following the first occurrence, include in parentheses the year of the statute’s enactment or the most recent amendment applicable to the pending case, as shown in the history note in the NMSA 1978. Spell out and capitalize the word “Section” whenever a reference to a statute is in a textual sentence and whenever “Section” is the first word in a citation sentence. In all other occurrences, use the section symbol, “§.”

            A.        First occurrence:

                        (1)       Textual sentence:

The Legislature enacted NMSA 1978, Section 39-3-1.1(C) (1999), to create a comprehensive scheme for appealing final decisions of certain administrative agencies. [If a previous version of the statute is being cited, rather than the most recent version, cite it as: NMSA 1978, Section 39-3-1.1(C) (1998, amended 1999).]

                        (2)       Citation sentence:

In 1998, the Legislature created a comprehensive scheme for appealing the final decisions of certain administrative agencies. See NMSA 1978, § 39-3-1.1(C) (1998, amended 1999).

                        (3)       Citation clause:

Plaintiff asserts that jurisdiction is limited only by the venue statute, NMSA 1978, § 38-3-1(G) (1988), which states that . . .

                        (4)       Multiple subsections in a citation sentence or citation clause:

NMSA 1978, § 66-8-102(B), (D) (2010).

                        (5)       Entire act or range of statutes in a citation sentence:

Procurement Code, NMSA 1978, §§ 13-1-28 to -199 (1984, as amended through 2011). [Cite the date of the original enactment and the date of the most recent amendment. Do NOT use “et seq.”]

                        (6)       Entire act or a range of statutes in a textual sentence:

Additionally, Taxpayers argue that NMSA 1978, Sections 10-2-1 to -12 (1876, as amended through 1967), which they call the “Bond Act,” requires Department employees to obtain “faithful performance bond[s].”

            B.        Subsequent occurrences:

(1)       Textual sentence:

Plaintiff suggests that this statutory provision does not conflict with the specific restrictions in Section 39-3-1.1(C).

(2)       Citation sentence:

                                    See § 38-3-1(G); § 39-3-1.1(C).

                                    or

                                    Section 38-3-1(G).

                                    or

                                    See §§ 13-1-28 to -199.

                        (3)       Citation clause:

We are not persuaded that the Legislature could have intended the general jurisdiction and venue statutes, § 38-3-1.1; § 38-3-1, to unconstitutionally expand the appellate jurisdiction of the district courts.

                                    or

The general jurisdiction and venue statutes, see § 38-3-1.1; § 38-3-1, do not expand the appellate jurisdiction of the district courts.

IV.      Prior Compilations of New Mexico Statutes.

            A.        Citation sentence:

                        NMSA 1953, § 59-10-2.1 (1973).

                        NMSA 1953, § 59-10-12.12 (1975) (Vol. 9, 2d Repl., Part 1, 1975 Pocket Supp.).

                        NMSA 1941, § 38-1813 (1945) (1951 Pocket Supp.).

                        NMSA 1929, § 11-804 (1933) (1938 Supp.).

                        NMSA 1915, § 131 (1897).

For usage in textual sentences and citation clauses, follow the principles illustrated by the examples in the New Mexico Statutes section.

V.        New Mexico Session Laws.

            A.        Textual sentence:

                        Chapter 38, Section 7 of New Mexico Laws of 1987 . . .

            B.        Citation clause:

                        1987 N.M. Laws, ch. 38, § 7.

            C.        Session law with a web site address:

H.B. 13, 50th Leg., 1st Sess. (N.M. 2011), available at http://www.nmlegis.gov/Sessions/11%20Regular/final/HB0013.pdf.

VI.      New Mexico Judicial Rules, Uniform Jury Instructions, and Forms.

If citing a previous version, include in parentheses the year of the version that is being cited.

            A.        Rules.

                        (1)       First occurrence:

Rule 5-103(C)(1)(a) NMRA.

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

Rule 5-103(C)(1)(a).

                        (3)       Previous version:

                                    Rule 5-103 NMRA (1998).

            B.        Uniform Jury Instructions.

                        (1)       First occurrence:

UJI 14-3104 NMRA.

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

UJI 14-3104.

            C.        Forms.

                        (1)       First occurrence:

Form 9-406 NMRA.

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

Form 9-406.

VII.     New Mexico Attorney General Opinions.

            A.        N.M. Att’y Gen. Op. 91-06 (1991).

VIII.   New Mexico Administrative Code (NMAC). [See generally 1.24.10.9 NMAC]

Regulations contained in the NMAC may be cited using a short citation format that includes the title number, chapter number, part number, and section number, separated by periods and followed by “NMAC.” When citing a previous version of a regulation, include in parentheses the effective date of the version that is being cited.

            A.        Citing a section.

                        (1)       Current version:

3.1.3.8 NMAC.

                        (2)       Current version with pinpoint citation:

3.1.3.8(A) NMAC.

                        (3)       Previous version with effective date:

                                    3.1.3.8 NMAC (10/31/1996).

            B.        Citing a whole part. When reference is to the whole part, include in parentheses the original effective date together with the date of the last amendment.

                        3.1.3 NMAC (07/19/1967, as amended through 12/29/2000).

IX.      New Mexico Municipal Ordinances. [Bluebook Rule 12.9.2]

            A.        Albuquerque, N.M., Rev. Ordinances ch. 3, art. II, § 3-2-15(D) (1974, amended 2001).

X.        Citation to the Record and Pleadings.

            A.        Use bold face for citation to the record below of the case at issue:

Volume 2, record proper, page 497, paragraph 21      [2 RP 497 ¶ 21]
Volume 3, supplemental record proper,
                page 561, paragraph 2                                [3 SRP 561 ¶ 2]
June 12, 2012 Vol. 1 of transcript, page 3, line 4         [6-12-12 1 Tr. 3:4]
May 9, 2007 tape 6, counter 1303                               [5-9-07 6 T 1303]
May 9, 2007 compact disc 2, counter 9:23:21              [5-9-07 2 CD 9:23:21]
May 9, 2007 compact disc 2, counter 9:23:21 to -37    [5-9-07 2 CD 9:23:21-37]
Record proper 77, finding of fact 20                             [RP 77 FOF 20]
                                                                                     or [RP 77 ¶ 20]
Record proper 80, conclusion of law 5                          [RP 80 COL 5]
                                                                                     or [RP 80 ¶ 20]
Plaintiff’s exhibit 5                                                        [Plaintiff’s Ex. 5]
Deposition of John Smith, page 30, line 16                   [Dep. JS 30:16]

            B.        Citation to pleadings and court documents:
                        Brief in Chief, page 5                                                    [BIC 5]
                        Answer Brief, page 3                                                    [AB 3]
                        Reply Brief, page 2                                                       [RB 2]
                        Calendar Notice, page 1                                               [CN 1]
                        Memorandum in Opposition, page 3                             [MIO 3]
                        Dispositional Order of Affirmance, page 4                     [DOA 4]
                        Dispositional Order of Reversal, page 2                        [DOR 2]
                        May 3, 2012 Motion, page 3                                          [5-3-12 MOT 3]
                        January 27, 2012 Order, page 2                                   [1-27-12 ORD 2]

XI.      United States Constitution. [Bluebook Rule 11]

            A.        Textual sentence:

Accordingly, there was no violation of Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution.

            B.        Citation sentence:

                        U.S. Const. art. 1, § 8.

XII.     United States Supreme Court Opinions. [Bluebook T1.1]

            A.        Citation to just the United States Reports, when available, is sufficient. When the United States Reports citation is not available, cite the Supreme Court Reporter, if available. If neither the United States Reports nor the Supreme Court Reporter is available, cite the United States Supreme Court Reports, Lawyers’ Edition.

                        Barker v. Wingo, 407 U.S. 514, 520 (1972).

XIII.   Federal Opinions. [See generally Bluebook T1 for specific courts and abbreviations]

            A.        Citation sentence. Follow the principles illustrated by the examples in the New Mexico Cases section.

                        Sage Realty Corp. v. Ins. Co. of N. Am., 34 F.3d 124 (2d Cir. 1994).

                        Richter v. Van Amberg, 97 F. Supp. 2d 1255, 1261 (D.N.M. 2000).

Beaufort Transfer Co. v. Fischer Trucking Co., 357 F. Supp. 662, 667 (E.D. Mo. 1973).

XIV.   United States Code and Federal Regulations.

            A.        United States Code. [Bluebook Rules 12.2 & 12.3] Cite the United States Code (U.S.C.) rather than the two unofficial versions, the United States Code Annotated (U.S.C.A.) and the United States Code Service (U.S.C.S.). For the year, cite the most recent edition of the U.S.C. (currently 2006), which is published every six years, or the supplement (currently 2011), NOT the date of enactment, amendment, or the date found in either the U.S.C.A. or the U.S.C.S. Cite the unofficial versions only if a statute was enacted or amended after the latest edition or supplement of the code.

                        (1)       Textual sentence:

This case addresses the relationship between the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA), 25 U.S.C. §§ 1901-1963 (2006), which sets “minimum Federal standards for the removal of Indian children from their families,” § 1902, and the New Mexico Abuse and Neglect Act, NMSA 1978, §§ 32A-4-1 to -34 (1993, as amended through 2009), which governs the State’s transfer of custody of a child in cases of abuse or neglect.

                        (2)       Citation sentence:

                                    Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA), 18 U.S.C. § 924(e)(1) (2006).

                                    or

                                    18 U.S.C. § 924(e)(1) (2006).

                                    or, if found only in the Supplement,

                                    12 U.S.C. § 5511(a) (Supp. 2011).

            B.        Code of Federal Regulations. [Bluebook Rule 14] Cite the section or sections relied upon rather than the part. Include in parentheses the most recent edition of the code.

                        (1)       Citation sentence:

28 C.F.R. § 104.43(a) (2011).

            C.        Federal Register. [Bluebook Rule 14] When citing, give both the page on which the regulation begins and the page(s) on which the cited content appears.

                        (1)       Citation sentence:

                                    See Pueblo of Santa Ana Liquor Ordinance, 71 Fed. Reg. 17,903, 17,910 (Apr. 7, 2006).

XV.     Out-of-State Constitutions. [Bluebook Rule 11]

            A.        Textual sentence:

Accordingly, there was no violation of article 1, section 12 of the South Carolina Constitution.

            B.        Citation sentence:

S.C. Const. art. 1, § 12.

XVI.   Out-of-State Cases. [Bluebook Rule 10 & T1]

A.        Citation sentence. Follow the principles illustrated by the examples in the New Mexico Cases section. When a reporter has the name of the state in its title, i.e., the Cal. Rptr. or the N.Y. Supp., do not include the state abbreviation in the date parenthetical.

                        State v. Barness, 200 N.W.2d 300 (Minn. 1972) (per curiam).

City of Austin v. Travis Cnty. Landfill Co., 25 S.W.3d 191, 197 (Tex. Ct. App. 1999), rev’d, 73 S.W.3d 234 (Tex. 2002).

                        Ashley v. State, 614 So. 2d 486 (Fla. 1993).

People v. Curtis, 37 Cal. Rptr. 2d 304, 312 (Ct. App. 1994).

            B.        Official, vendor-neutral, or public domain citation format. Follow a state’s convention regarding use of any official, vendor-neutral, or public domain citation format. For example, applicable in Colorado to opinions published on or after January 1, 2012, “Legal practitioners and self-represented parties will be permitted—but not required—to use the public domain citation format instead of citing to the Pacific Reporter. Irrespective of which citation format is used, a parallel citation to the other format is also not required.” Chief Justice Directive 12-01, Colorado Supreme Court (Jan. 3, 2012), available at http://www.courts. state.co.us/Courts/Supreme_Court/Directives/CJD%2012-01.pdf.

(1)        Colorado public domain citation:

People v. Esparza, 2012 CO 22, ¶ 11.

Alpenhof, LLC v. City of Ouray, 2013 COA 9, ¶ 18.

XVII.  Out-of-State Statutes. [See generally Bluebook Rule 12 & T1]

Following the first occurrence, include in parentheses the year of the statute’s enactment or the most recent amendment applicable to the pending case.

            A.        First occurrence: 

Cal. Penal Code § 647.6(a)(1) (1995).

                        Ind. Code Ann. § 11-8-8-5(b)(1) (2013).

                        Mont. Code Ann. § 46-23-502(9)(b) (2007).

                        S.C. Code Ann. § 23-3-430(A) (2010).

            B.        Subsequent occurrences:

                        Cal. Penal Code § 647.6(a).

                        Ind. Code Ann. § 11-8-8-5(b)(1).

                        Mont. Code Ann. § 46-23-502(9).

                        S.C. Code Ann. § 23-3-430.

XVIII. Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources.

Include as much information, including page numbers, as is helpful to locate the citation.

            A.        Law Reviews. [Bluebook Rule 16]

                        (1)       First occurrence:

Roberta K. Flowers, What You See Is What You Get: Applying the Appearance of Impropriety Standard to Prosecutors, 63 Mo. L. Rev. 699 (1998).

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

                                    Flowers, supra, at 712-16, 766.

            B.        Treatises. [Bluebook Rule 15]

                        (1)       First occurrence:

5 Wayne R. LaFave et al., Criminal Procedure § 20.3(j), at 421-28 (3d ed. 2007).

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

5 LaFave, supra, § 20.3(i), at 417.

                                    or

                                    Id. at 425.

                                    or

                                    Id. § 20.2(j), at 422-23.

            C.        Restatements. [Bluebook Rule 12.9.5]

                        (1)       First occurrence:

Restatement (Third) of Prop.: Servitudes § 1.2(1), at 12 (2000).

Restatement (Second) of Torts § 623A cmt. a (1977).

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

Restatement (Second) of Torts § 623A cmt. a, at 335.

            D.        Legal Encyclopedias. [Bluebook Rule 15.8]

                        (1)       First occurrence:

40 C.J.S. Homicide § 164 (2006).

                                    24 Am. Jur. 2d Divorce & Separation § 118 (2008).

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

                                    40 C.J.S. Homicide § 164.

                                    24 Am. Jur. 2d Divorce & Separation § 118.

            E.        American Law Reports (A.L.R.). [Bluebook Rule 16.7.6]

                        (1)       First occurrence:

Earl L. Kellett, Annotation, Proof of Injury to Reputation as Prerequisite to Recovery of Damages in Defamation Action–Post- Gertz Cases, 36 A.L.R. 4th 807, § 2[b] (1985).

                        (2)       Subsequent occurrences:

Kellett, Annotation, 36 A.L.R. 4th 807, § 2[b].

            F.        Internet Citations. [Bluebook Rule 18]

                        (1)       Direct citations to Internet sources:

N.M. Corr. Dep’t Policies, Inmate Discipline CD-090101(C)(1) (Jan. 25, 2012), http://corrections.state.nm.us/policies/docs/CD-090100. pdf.

                        (2)       Parallel citations to Internet sources:

Denise D. Fort, The Utton Center, Water Matters!, Adjudications 4-1 (2013), available at http://uttoncenter.unm.edu/projects/ water-matters.php (follow “Water Matters!” hyperlink).

[Appendix, Adopted June 4, 2004; as amended by Supreme Court Order No. 13-8300-013, effective July 1, 2013, for papers to be filed on or after August 1, 2013.]

     Compilation presumptively official. — Compiled versions of statutes and court rules, certified by the compilation commission, are presumptively official. State v. Sandoval, 2003-NMSC-027, 134 N.M. 453, 78 P.3d 907.

— NMRA






image


image
image